Advices

Latin Superlative Adjectives

Latin Superlative Adjectives


We are searching data for your request:

Forums and discussions:
Manuals and reference books:
Data from registers:
Wait the end of the search in all databases.
Upon completion, a link will appear to access the found materials.

Using a superlative form of an adjective takes the basic sense of the adjective to the extreme, so the superlative of "basic" would be "most basic."

Identifying Superlatives

Latin superlative adjectives are usually easy to identify. Most contain -issim- (e.g., suavissimus, -a, -um 'most charming'). If they don't have -issim-, they will likely have -llim- (difficillimus, -a, -u 'most difficult') or -rrim- (celerrimus, -a, -um 'swiftest') in them. This double consonant + -im- precedes the case ending.

Translation of Superlatives

Superlatives are usually translated into English with -est or "most". They can also be translated with "very" or "extremely". Difficillimus means most difficult or very difficult. Celerrimus means fastest or very fast.

Declension of Superlatives

Superlative adjectives are declined like first and second declension nouns. Superlatives are adjectives and as such must agree with the nouns they modify in gender, number, and case. The endings are added to the base of the adjective. These endings are not new or different, but they're here for convenience:

Singular
case M. F. N.

nom. -us -a -um
gen. -i -ae -i
dat. -o -ae -o
acc. -um -am -um
abl. -o -a -o

Plural
case M. F. N.

nom. -i -ae -a
gen. -orum -arum -orum
dat. -is -is -is
acc. -os -as -a
abl. -is -is -is

Example: Clarus - Clarissimus -a -um
Clear - Clearest

Singular

case M F N
nom. clarissimus clarissima clarissimum
gen. clarissimi clarissimae clarissimi
dat. clarissimo clarissimae clarissimo
acc. clarissimum clarissimam clarissimum
abl. clarissimo clarissima clarissimo

Plural

case M F N
nom. clarissimi clarissimae clarissima
gen. clarissimorum clarissimarum clarissimorum
dat. clarissimis clarissimis clarissimis
acc. clarissimos clarissimas clarissima
abl. clarissimis clarissimis clarissimis

Unusual Superlatives

If an adjective ends in -er for its masculine singular nominative in what is called the "positive" (e.g., for the Latin adjective pulcher 'beautiful,' pulcher is the positive form), its superlative form will end in -errimus, -a, -um. If the masculine singular nominative form of the adjective ends in -ilis (e.g., facilis 'easy'), the superlative form will be -illimus, -a, -um.

Singular

case M F N
nom. pulcherrimus pulcherrima pulcherrimum
gen. pulcherrimi pulcherrimae pulcherrimi
dat. pulcherrimo pulcherrimae pulcherrimo
acc. pulcherrimum pulcherrimam pulcherrimum
abl. pulcherrimo pulcherrima pulcherrimo

Plural

case M F N
nom. pulcherrimi pulcherrimae pulcherrima
gen. pulcherrimorum pulcherrimarum pulcherrimorum
dat. pulcherrimis pulcherrimis pulcherrimis
acc. pulcherrimos pulcherrimas pulcherrima
abl. pulcherrimis pulcherrimis pulcherrimis

Irregular Superlatives

(Translation) Positive -- Comparative -- Superlative

  • (Big, Bigger, Biggest) magnus, -a, -um -- maior, maius -- maximus, -a, -um
  • (Small, Smaller, Smallest) parvus, -a, -um -- minor, minus -- minimus, -a, -um
  • (Good, Better, Best) bonus, -a, -um -- melior, melius -- optimus, -a, -um
  • (Bad, Worse, Worst) malus, -a, -um -- peior, peius -- pessimus, -a, -um



Comments:

  1. Kazrazshura

    There is something in this. Now everything became clear to me, thank you for the information.

  2. Mikalkis

    I am sorry, that has interfered... I here recently. But this theme is very close to me. Write in PM.

  3. Tojagal

    In it something is. Thanks for the help in this question how I can thank you?

  4. Jaynie

    What engine is it? I also want to start a blog

  5. Parke

    Many thanks for the help in this matter.

  6. Hale

    In my opinion it is obvious. You did not try to look in google.com?

  7. Tucker

    I believe that you are making a mistake. Email me at PM, we will discuss.



Write a message